• Life Span - elephants can live for up to 70 years
• The Africa Elephant is the largest of all land mammals
• Elephants normally walk about 4 mph
• Elephants are able to swim for long distances
• Elephants spend about 16 hours a day eating
• They consume as much as 300-495 pounds of food per day
• They live in tight social units led by an older matriarch
• Males leave the herd between the ages of 12 and 15
• Their tusks are of ivory and are actually enormously enlarged incisors
• The elephant's eyes are small and its eyesight is poor
• They have the largest brains in the animal kingdom
• The elephant's foot is a spongy pad with four or five toes and toenails. The pad acts like a
cushion with each step, absorbing the impact and taking some strain off the leg.
• One ear from a bull African elephant weighs more than 100 pounds
• Elephants do not have sweat glands.
• Elephants have 6 sets of molar teeth; when the last set is lost, the animal is unable to eat and eventually dies.
• Elephants can give birth every three to four years. Gestation period is almost two years.
Babies are roughly 250 pounds when born
• An elephant's trunk is actually a long nose used for smelling, breathing, trumpeting, drinking, and also for grabbing
things - especially a potential meal. The trunk alone contains about 100,000 different muscles.
African elephants have two fingerlike features on the end of their trunk that they can use to grab small items.
• Height at the shoulder, 8.2 to 13 ft (2.5 to 4 m)