Rather than leave, the 3,000 inhabitants of Miyakejima island, Japan, decided to wear gas masks 24/7 so they could remain on the island. The active volcano, Mount Oyama on the Island had spewed poisonous gas for the last two decades. In July 14, 2000, Mount Oyama began a series of eruptions and all residents were evacuated as there had been a constant flow of sulfur dioxide gas coming from Mount Oyama. The last eruption was in 2006. Meanwhile from February 1, 2005, the residents were allowed to return permanently to Island and they are required to carry gas masks with them at all times, but they do not need to be worn constantly. Alarms go off if there is a dramatic increase in the levels of toxic gases in the air.
PHOTOS: Photos: Guatemala volcano erupts, kills 69; toll expected to rise | The Indian Express indianexpress.com
Bodies were so thickly coated with ash that they looked like statues, and rescuers were forced to use sledgehammers to break through the roofs of houses buried in debris up to their rooflines to try to see if anyone was trapped inside.
Hawaii officials said the decimated homes were in the Leilani Estates subdivision, where molten rock, toxic gas and steam have been bursting through openings in the ground created by the volcano.
New findings published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) by Desert Research Institute (DRI) Professor Joseph R. McConnell, Ph.D., and colleagues document a 192-year series of volcanic eruptions in Antarctica that coincided with accelerated deglaciation about 17,700 years ago.
University of Edinburgh researchers on Monday announced the discovery of 91 previously unknown volcanoes under west Antarctica. They do not sound nearly as alarmed as, say, Quartz, which called the possibilities terrifying.
“By themselves the volcanoes wouldn't be likely to cause the entire ice sheet to melt,” said lead researcher Max Van Wyk de Vries, whose team published the study in the Geological Society in late May. But if the glacier is already melting because of global warming, he said, “if we start reducing significant quantities of ice … you can more or less say that it triggers an eruption.”